November 2023 Which of the following is a characteristic of an efficient market a

More Questions attached 6

Business Finance

Which of the following is a characteristic of an efficient market?

a.      Small number of individuals.

b.      Opportunities exist for investors to profit from publicly available information.

c.       Security prices reflect fair value of the firm.

d.      Immediate response occurs for new public information.


1.            Diversification increases when ________ decreases.

a.      variability

b.      return

c.       risk

d.      a  and c

e.       all of the above


2.            Corporations receive money from investors with:

a.      initial public offerings.

b.      seasoned new issues.

c.       primary market transactions.

d.      a and b.

e.       all of the above.


3.            Which of the following is true regarding an initial public offering?

a.  The corporation gets proceeds from the investor.

b.  Investors get proceeds from other investors.

c.  The security is sold for the first time to the public.

d.  Both a and c.

e.  All of the above.


Table 1(Use this table for questions 5-8)


Smith Company Balance Sheet



Cash and marketable securities                      $300,000

Accounts receivable                                                    2,215,000

Inventories                                                                   1,837,500

Prepaid expenses                                                          24,000

Total current assets                                             $3,286,500

Fixed assets                                                                 2,700,000

Less: accumulated depreciation                          1,087,500

Net fixed assets                                                     $1,612,500

Total assets                                                            $4,899,000


Accounts payable                                                     $240,000

Notes payable                                                                  825,000

Accrued taxes                                                                                                    42,500

Total current liabilities                                         $1,107,000

Long-term debt                                                           975,000

Owner’s equity                                                         2,817,000

Total liabilities and owner’s equity                     $4,899,000

Net sales (all credit)                                               $6,375,000

Less: Cost of goods sold                                          4,312,500

Selling and administrative expense                       1,387,500

Depreciation expense                                                  135,000

Interest expense                                                           127,000

Earnings before taxes                                                $412,500

Income taxes                                                                 225,000

Net income                                                                  $187,500

Common stock dividends                                            $97,500

Change in retained earnings                                       $90,000


4.             Based on the information in Table 1, the current ratio is:

a.   2.97.

b.   1.46.

c.   2.11.

d.   2.23.


5.             Based on the information in Table 1, the debt ratio is:

a.   0.70.

b.   0.20.

c.   0.74.

d.   0.42.


6.            Based on the information in Table 1, the net profit margin is:

a.   4.61%

b.   2.94%.

c.   1.97%.

d.   5.33%.        


7.             Based on the information in Table 1, the inventory turnover ratio is:

a.   0.29 times.

b.   2.35 times.

c.   0.43 times.

d.   3.47 times.


8.            Marshall Networks, Inc. has a total asset turnover of 2.5 and a net profit margin of 3.5%. The firm has a return on equity of 17.5%. Calculate Marshall’s debt ratio.

a.  30%

b.  40%

c.  50%

d.  60%


Use the following information and the percent-of-sales method to Answer questions 10 -12.

Below is the 2004 year-end balance sheet for Banner, Inc. Sales for 2004 were $1,600,000 and are expected to be $2,000,000 during 2005. In addition, we know that Banner plans to pay $90,000 in 2005 dividends and expects projected net income of 4% of sales. (For consistency with the Answer selections provided, round your forecast percentages to two decimals.)

                 Banner, Inc. Balance Sheet

                       December 31, 2004


Current assets                                                               $890,000

Net fixed assets                                                              1,000,000

Total                                                                            $1,890,000

Liabilities and Owners’ Equity

Accounts payable                                                           $160,000

Accrued expenses                                                             100,000

Notes payable                                                                   700,000

Long-term debt                                                                 300,000

Total liabilities                                                               1,260,000

Common stock (plus paid-in capital)                               360,000

Retained earnings                                                            270,000

Common equity                                                                630,000

Total                                                                            $1,890,000


9.             Banner’s projected current assets for 2005 are:

          a.   $1,000,000.

          b.   $1,120,000.

          c.   $1,500,000.

          d.   $1,260,000.



10.         Banner’s projected accounts payable balance for 2005 is:

          a.   $160,000.

          b.   $120,000.

          c.   $200,000.

          d.   $300,000.


11.         Banner’s projected fixed assets for 2005 are:

          a.   $1,120,000.

          b.   $1,260,000.

          c.   $1,000,000.

          d.   $2,380,000.


13.     What is the present value of $1,000 to be received 10 years from today? Assume that the investment pays 8.5% and it is compounded monthly (round to the nearest $1).

a.           $893

b.           $3,106

c.           $429

d.           $833


14.     What is the present value of $12,500 to be received 10 years from today? Assume a discount rate of 8% compounded annually and round to the nearest $10.

a.           $5,790

b.           $11,574

c.           $9,210

d.           $17,010


15.     The NPV method:

          a.   is consistent with the goal of shareholder wealth maximization.

          b.   recognizes the time value of money.

          c.   uses cash flows.

          d.   all of the above.


16.     If the IRR is greater than the required rate of return, the:

          a.   present value of all the cash inflows will be greater than the initial outlay.

b.      payback will be less than the life of the investment.

c.       project should be rejected.

          d.   both a and b.






17.     ABC Service can purchase a new assembler for $15,052 that will provide an annual net cash flow of $6,000 per year for five years. Calculate the NPV of the assembler if the required rate of return is 12%. (Round your answer to the nearest $1.)

          a.   $1,056

          b.   $4,568

          c.   $7,621

          d.   $6,577


18.     Suppose you determine that the NPV of a project is $1,525,855. What does that mean?

          a.   In all cases, investing in this project would be better than investing in a project that has an NPV of $850,000.

          b.   The project would add value to the firm.

          c.   Under all conditions, the project’s payback would be less than the profitability index.

          d.   The project’s IRR would have to be less that the firm’s discount rate.


19.     The IRR is:

          a.   the discount rate that makes the NPV positive.

          b.   the discount rate that equates the present value of the cash inflows with the cost of the project.

          c.   the discount rate that makes the NPV negative and the profitability index greater than one.

          d.   the rate of return that makes the NPV positive.


20.     Crawfish Kitchen Inc. is planning to invest in one of three mutually exclusive projects. Projected cash flows for these ventures are as follows:

Which project is the most profitable according to the NPV Criteria if the discount rate for the firm is 14%?

          a.   Plan A

          b.   Plan B

          c.   Plan C









21.     You are in charge of one division of Bigfella Conglomerate Inc. Your division is subject to capital rationing. Your division has four indivisible projects available, detailed as follows:

          Project     Initial Outlay    IRR        NPV

             1           2 million        18%   2,500,000

             3           1 million        10%      600,000

             2           1 million               15%      950,000

             4           3 million         9%    2,000,000

If you must select projects subject to a budget constraint of 5 million dollars, which set of projects should be accepted so as to maximize firm value?

          a.   Projects 1, 2, and 3

          b.   Project 1 only

          c.   Projects 1 and 4

          d.   Projects 2, 3, and 4


22.     J & B, Inc. has $5 million of debt outstanding with a coupon rate of 12%. Currently, the yield to maturity on these bonds is 14%. If the firm’s tax rate is 40%, what is the cost of debt to J & B?

          a.   12.0%

          b.   14.0%

          c.   8.4%

          d.   5.6%


23.     Shawhan Supply plans to maintain its optimal capital structure of 30% debt, 20% preferred stock, and 50% common stock far into the future. The required return on each component is: debt–10%; preferred stock–11%; and common stock–18%. Assuming a 40% marginal tax rate, what after-tax rate of return must Shawhan Supply earn on its investments if the value of the firm is to remain unchanged?

          a.   18.0%

          b.   13.0%

          c.   10.0%

          d.   14.2%


24.     Bender and Co. is issuing a $1,000 par value bond that pays 9% interest annually. Investors are expected to pay $918 for the 10-year bond. Bender will have to pay $33 per bond in flotation costs. What is the cost of debt if the firm is in the 34% tax bracket?

          a.   7.23%

          b.   9.01%

          c.   9.23%

          d.   11.95%





25.     Armadillo Mfg. Co. has a target capital structure of 50% debt and 50% equity. They are planning to invest in a project which will necessitate raising new capital. New debt will be issued at a before-tax yield of 12%, with a coupon rate of 10%. The equity will be provided by internally generated funds. No new outside equity will be issued. If the required rate of return on the firm’s stock is 15% and its marginal tax rate is 40%, compute the firm’s cost of capital.

          a.   13.5%

          b.   12.5%

          c.   7.2%

          d.   11.1%


26.     Which of the following relationships is true, regarding the costs of issuing the below securities?

          a.   Common stock > bonds > preferred stock

          b.   Preferred stock > common stock > bonds

          c.   Bonds > common stock > preferred stock

          d.   Common stock > preferred stock > bonds           


27.     The _______ is the federal agency primarily responsible for regulating the securities industry.

          a.   FTC

          b.   SEC

          c.   FRB

          d.   SCC


28.     A firm’s business risk is influenced by the:

          a.   competitive position of the firm within the industry.

          b.   demand characteristics of the firm’s products.

c.       financing structure of the firm.

d.      both a and b.

e.       all of the above.


29.     Cost of capital is:

          a.   the coupon rate of debt.

          b.   a hurdle rate set by the board of directors.

          c.   the rate of return that must be earned on additional investment if firm value is to remain unchanged.

          d.   the average cost of the firm’s assets.








30.     Given the following information, determine the risk-free rate.

 Cost of equity              = 12%

 Beta                                       = 1.50

 Market risk premium   = 3%

          a.   8.0%

          b.   7.5%

          c.   7.0%

          d.   6.5%


31.     Which of the following relationships is true, regarding the costs of issuing the below securities?

          a.   Common stock > bonds > preferred stock

          b.   Preferred stock > common stock > bonds

          c.   Bonds > common stock > preferred stock

          d.   Common stock > preferred stock > bonds



               Table 1 (Use this for questions 32-36)

          Average selling price per unit                $16.00

          Variable cost per unit                            $11.00

          Units sold                                              200,000

          Fixed costs                                          $800,000

          Interest expense                                   $ 50,000

32.     Based on the data in Table 1, what is the break-even point in units produced and sold?

          a.   $130,000

          b.   $140,000

          c.   $150,000

          d.   $160,000


33.     Based on the data contained in Table 1, what is the degree of operating leverage?

          a.   1.00 times

          b.   2.00 times

          c.   3.00 times

          d.   4.00 times

          e.   5.00 times


34.     Based on the data contained in Table 1, what is the contribution margin?

          a.   $5.00

          b.   $4.00

          c.   $3.00

          d.   $2.00


35.     Based on the data contained in Table 1, what is the degree of financial leverage?

          a.   3.33 times

          b.   2.50 times

          c.   1.50 times

          d.   1.33 times


36.     Based on the data contained in Table 1, what is the degree of combined leverage?

          a.   6.33

          b.   6.67

          c.   7.33

          d.   7.67


37.     Fluctuations in EBIT result in:

          a.   fluctuations in EPS, which might be larger or smaller as financial leverage increases.

          b.   smaller fluctuations in EPS, the greater the degree of financial leverage.

          c.   greater fluctuations in EPS, the greater the degree of financial leverage.

          d.   equal fluctuations in EPS, the greater the degree of financial leverage.


38.     A toy manufacturer following the hedging principle will generally finance seasonal inventory build-up prior to the Christmas season with:

          a.   common stock.

          b.   selling equipment.

          c.   trade credit.

          d.   preferred stock.


39.     Accounts receivable and inventory self-liquidate through the __________ cycle.

          a.   spontaneous account

          b.   net working capital

          c.   cash conversion

          d.   sales-to-receivables collection


40.     Given that short-term interest rates typically fluctuate more than long-term rates, interest rate risk is least for:

          a.   Treasury bills.

          b.   common stock.

          c.   long-term government bonds.

          d.   medium-term corporate bonds.






41.     If you compare the yield of a municipal bond with that of a Treasury bond, what is the equivalent before-tax yield of a municipal bond yielding 6% per year for an investor in the 36% tax bracket (round to nearest .1%)?

          a.   9.4%

          b.   8.1%

          c.   7.7%

          d.   6.3%


42.     Carrying cost on inventory includes:

          a.   the required rate of return on investment in total assets.

          b.   wages of warehouse employees.

          c.   cost associated with inventory shrinkage.

          d.   both b and c.

          e.   all of the above.


43.     The TQM view argues that:

          a.   the costs of achieving higher quality are more than economists projected.

          b.   better quality products drive higher sales.

          c.   lost sales result from a poor-quality reputation.

d.      both b and c.

e.       all of the above.


44.     A spot transaction occurs when one currency is:

          a.   deposited in a foreign bank.

          b.   immediately exchanged for another currency.

          c.   exchanged for another currency at a specified price.

          d.   traded for another at an agreed-upon future price.


45.     Exchange rate risk:

          a.   arises from the fact that the spot exchange rate on a future date is a random variable.

          b.   applies only to certain types of international businesses.

          c.   has been phased out due to recent international legislation.

          d.   both a and b.










Use the following information to answer questions 46-47. Below is an excerpt from Table 22-1, The Globalization of Product and Financial Markets, that appears in your text. Values are foreign exchange rates reported in The Wall Street Journal.

                                   U.S. $ equivalent          Currency per U.S. $

          Country                                                         Mon.                                             Mon.

          India (Rupee)                                     0.03137                                                  31.88

          Britain (Pound)                                             1.5615

          30-day Forward                                           1.5609

          90-day Forward                                           1.5605

          180-day Forward                                         1.5603

          Canada (Dollar)                                           0.7265                                          1.3765

          30-day Forward                                    0.7256                                                 1.3782

          90-day Forward                                            0.7236                                         1.3820

          180-day Forward                                          0.7196                                         1.3896

          Sweden (Koruna)                              0.18848                                                    5.3055

          30-day Forward                                           0.18829                                        5.3110

          90-day Forward                                            0.18809                                       5.3167

          180-day Forward                                0.18795                         5.3205


46.     To buy one Indian Rupee you would need:

          a.   3.137 cents.

          b.   31.88 dollars.

          c.   18.848 cents.

          d.   5.3055 dollars.


47.     The number of pounds you can purchase per U.S. dollar is:

          a.   1.5609.

          b.   0.6207.

          c.   0.6404.

          d.   1.5615.


48.     Which of the following statements about a financial lease is generally true?

          a.   The entire lease payment is used as an income tax deduction.

          b.   Only the portion of the lease payment that reduces the principal may be used as an income tax deduction.

          c.   It has no income tax deductibility.

          d.   Only the portion of the lease payment that is applied to interest is tax-deductible.






49.     Which of the following most likely would cause a lease to be classified as a capital lease?

          a.   The lease is for five or more years.

          b.   The lease is for $1 million or more.

          c.   The lease permits the lessee to purchase the equipment at the end of the lease for its fair market value.

          d.   The present value of the lease payments, calculated at the lessee’s typical rate of interest for a similar purchase loan, is more than the original purchase price of the equipment.


50.     What price must a company typically pay to buy another company? The price will:

          a.   include some premium over the current market value of the target’s equity.

          b.   be the market value of the target’s equity.

          c.   be the book value of the target’s equity.

          d.   include some discount relative to the current market value of the target’s equity.



This is the end of the exam.  Please make sure you have answered all 50 questions with a bold and highlight of the answer you want for each question.