Difference Between Plasma And Serum

Difference Between Plasma And Serum

Difference Between Plasma And Serum

Question 20

During science class, a student asks, “What’s the difference between plasma and serum in the blood?” The nurse responds that the primary difference between plasma and serum is that plasma contains

Answers:

A. hydrogen ions.

B. heparin.

C. white blood cells.

D. fibrinogen.

Question 21

During a flu shot clinic, one of the questions the student nurse asks relates to whether the patient has had Guillain-Barré syndrome in his medical history. The patient asks, “What is that?” How should the nursing student reply?

Answers:

A. “A type of paralysis that affects movement on both sides of the body that may even involve the respiratory muscles”

B. “Influenza-like illness where you had fever and chills for 2 to 3 days after your last flu shot”

C. “A degenerative disease where you have trouble walking without the help of a cane or walker”

D. “Swelling of your arm where you got your flu shot, and maybe your eyes and lips had some swelling as well”

Question 22

A 22-year-old female college student is shocked to receive a diagnosis of myasthenia gravis. What are the etiology and most likely treatment for her health problem?

Answers:

A. Excess acetylcholinesterase production; treatment with thymectomy

B. A decline in functioning acetylcholine receptors; treatment with corticosteroids and intravenous immunoglobulins

C. Cerebellar lesions; surgical and immunosuppressive treatment

D. Autoimmune destruction of skeletal muscle cells; treatment with intensive physical therapy and anabolic steroids

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Question 23

A baseball player was hit in the head with a bat during practice. In the emergency department, the physician tells the family that he has a “coup”injury. How will the nurse explain this to the family so they can understand?

Answers:

A. “It’s like squeezing an orange so tight that the juice runs out of the top.”

B. “When the bat hit his head, his neck jerked backward causing injury to the spine.”

C. “Your son has a contusion of the brain at the site where the bat hit his head.”

D. “Your son has a huge laceration inside his brain where the bat hit his skull.”

Question 24

Which of the following glycoproteins is responsible for treating such diseases as bone marrow failure following chemotherapy and hematopoietic neoplasms such as leukemia? Answers:

A. Growth factors and cytokines

B. T lymphocytes and natural killer cells

C. Neutrophils and eosinophils

D. Natural killer cells and granulocytes

Question 25

While being on subcutaneous heparin injections for deep vein thrombosis during her latter pregnancy, a patient begins to experience major side effects. Her OB-GYN physician has called in a specialist who thinks that the patient is experiencing heparin-induced thrombocytopenia. The nurse should anticipate which of the following orders?

Answers:

A. Immediately discontinue the heparin therapy

B. Switch to Coumadin 2.5 mg once/day

C. Decrease the dose of heparin from 5000 units b.i.d to 3000 units b.i.d

D. Infuse FFP stat

Question 26

Which of the following individuals would most likely experience global ischemia to his or her brain?

Answers:

A. A woman who is being brought to hospital by ambulance following suspected carbon monoxide poisoning related to a faulty portable heater

B. A male client who has just had an ischemic stroke confirmed by CT of his head

C. A woman who has been admitted to the emergency department with a suspected intracranial bleed

D. A man who has entered cardiogenic shock following a severe myocardial infarction

Question 27

A new mother and father are upset that their 2-day-old infant is requiring phototherapy for hyperbilirubinemia. The pediatrician who has followed the infant since birth is explaining the multiplicity of factors that can contribute to high serum bilirubin levels in neonates. Which of the following factors would the physician be most likely to rule out as a contributor?

Answers:

A. Transitioning of hemoglobin F (HbF) to hemoglobin A (HbA)

B. Hepatic immaturity of the infant

C. Hypoxia

D. The fact that the infant is being breast-fed

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