Please answer ALL questions on this paper. The test is marked out of 25.

Please answer ALL questions on this paper. The test is marked out of 25.  

Please answer ALL questions on this paper. The test is marked out of 25.  

  1. Causal theories:

Feature heavily in Foucault’s writing.

Were rejected by both Weber and Durkheim.

Don’t believe anything can be proven in the social sciences.

Propose a relationship between a cause (independent variable) and an effect (dependent variable).

The idea that society is more than the sum of its parts and reflects a “collective consciousness” can best be attributed to:

Adam Smith Emile Durkheim John Locke Thomas Hobbes

For a Marxist, what best explains much of human history?

Continual progress towards greater freedom.

Dialectical materialism.

The fact that people are greedy.

The fact that some people are much more intelligent than others. Marx thought that under communism, the means of production would be owned by:

  1. Heads of families.
  2. Acentralized and bureaucratic state.
  3. Everyone in the society.
  4. Large multinational companies.

Social democrats believe in:

  1. Unfettered free market capitalism.
  2. A worldwide revolutionary attack on capitalist states.
  3. The sacrifice of democracy for the sake of equality.
  4. Working toward the goal of equality through democratic means.

Which social theorist felt the most positively about the division of labour in capitalist society?

  1. Karl Marx.
  2. Adam Smith.
  3. Friedrich Engels.
  4. Max Weber.

Who thought that religion acts like a drug designed to keep people quiet?

  1. Weber
  2. Marx
  3. Locke
  4. Durkheim

Emile Durkheim thought that:

  1. It is possible to study society more or less scientifically.
  2. The division of labour is wholly bad for social integration.
  3. Suicide is the result of personal moral failing.
  4. Religion has become more important in the modern era. 9. Max Weber’s notion of “verstehen” suggests which methodological strategy?
  5. Dialectical materialism.
  6. Interpretive understanding.
  7. Quantitative methods.
  8. Econometrics.
  9. Which thinker could be accused of being the most mono-causal?
  10. Michel Foucault.
  11. Confucius.
  12. Emile Durkheim.
  13. Karl Marx.
  14. Which of the following is a feature of Weber’s concept of traditional authority?
  15. Legitimacy is based on the personal qualities of a leader.
  16. Rules are followed because things have always been done this way.
  17. Allegiance is to a set of impersonal rules.
  18. Allegiance is secured through religious belief.
  19. The fascists thought that:
  20. People are naturally equal.
  21. The state should play a key role in economic development.
  22. Enlightenment values would save humanity.
  23. War should be avoided above everything else.
  24. The influence of Foucault on feminist theory can be most clearly observed in the work of:
  25. Judith Butler.
  26. Mary Wollstonecraft.
  27. Betty Friedan.
  28. Carole Pateman.
  29. Who would most likely argue against “meta-narratives”?
  30. Marxists.
  31. Neo-marxists.
  32. Neoliberals.
  33. Postmodernists. 15.

Michel Foucault uses a summary of “a certain Chinese encyclopaedia’s” categorization of the animal kingdom in order to make the point that:

  1. Meta-narratives are oppressive.
  2. The goal of social science should be to be as value-free as possible.
  3. European knowledge is far superior to ancient Chinese knowledge.
  4. The concepts we use in the social sciences are never value-free.

Michel Foucault argued that:

  1. Western criminal justice systems have become gradually more enlightened over time.
  2. The invention of the Panopticon was a positive development in making prisons better places.
  3. Western societies are not as enlightened when it comes to issues of sexuality as they think they are.
  4. Feminism is a socially destructive ideology.

“First wave” feminists often argued that:

  1. Traditional gender roles should be fundamentally questioned.
  2. Women would bring superior moral values into politics.
  3. The sale of alcohol should be outlawed.
  4. Gaining women’s suffrage was a pointless exercise.

“Second wave” feminists often argued that:

  1. Traditional gender roles should be fundamentally questioned.
  2. Women would bring superior moral values into politics.
  3. The sale of alcohol should be outlawed.
  4. Gaining women’s suffrage was a pointless exercise.

Which thinker focused on the impact of secularization on modern society?

  1. Plato
  2. Confucius
  3. Karl Marx
  4. Emile Durkheim 20.


The concept of “intersectionality” can be most readily identified with which writer?

  1. Germaine Greer.
  2. Patricia Hill Collins.
  3. Simone de Beauvoir.
  4. Betty Friedan.

It can be argued that the “third wave” of feminism:

  1. Is fundamentally opposed to the goals of second wave feminism.
  2. Has attempted to take into account the diversity of women’s experience.
  3. Completely rejects the participation of men in the feminist movement.
  4. Is part of the backlash against the feminist movement.

The “fourth wave” of feminism:

  1. Takes advantage of online technologies.
  2. Was founded by Kim Kardashian.
  3. Was founded by Taylor Swift.
  4. Ended with the turn of the 21* century.

Ward Churchill describes himself as:

  1. AMarxist and a libertarian.
  2. An anarchist and an indigenist thinker.
  3. Apolitical economist.
  4. Aclassical liberal.

The concept of kaitiakitanga is often invoked to:

  1. Justify equality between genders.
  2. Explain the Treaty of Waitangi.
  3. Justify the special role that humans play in protecting the environment.
  4. Justify the establishment of an upper house of parliament representing iwi.

Deep ecologists tend to think that:

  1. Capitalism and taking care of the environment are mutually exclusive.
  2. Capitalism and taking care of the environment are completely compatible.
  3. People should increase their meat consumption to stimulate economic growth.
  4. Market-based solutions to reducing carbon emissions are preferable. 26.

Who originally applied the logic of market competition to the free speech debate?

  1. Plato.
  2. Confucius.
  3. Thomas Hobbes.
  4. John Stuart Mill.

Which thinker was most influenced by the “linguistic turn” in philosophy?

  1. Adam Smith.
  2. John Maynard Keynes.
  3. Michel Foucault.
  4. Rachel Carson.

Which feminist author first gave us the idea that gender is a social construction?

  1. Kate Sheppard.
  2. Judith Butler.
  3. Simone de Beauvoir.
  4. Clementine Ford.

Which of the following groups would best fit the UN’s definition of an “indigenous” people?

  1. Sami in Finland
  2. Samoans in Samoa.
  3. Germans in Germany.
  4. European descendants living in the United States.

Which of the following sets of countries did not initially sign the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples in 2007?

  1. China and Russia.
  2. Brazil and Argentina.
  3. New Zealand and the United States.
  4. India and Pakistan. Si.

Who argued that social science is about the study of “social facts”?

  1. Michel Foucault
  2. Judith Butler
  3. Emile Durkheim
  4. Max Weber

Who would Plato most likely refer to as a demagogue?

  1. Emile Durkheim
  2. Max Weber
  3. Theresa May
  4. Donald Trump

The concepts of traditional, bureaucratic-rational, and charismatic authority are best associated with which theorist?

  1. Karl Marx
  2. Max Weber
  3. Judith Butler
  4. Patricia Hill Collins

To what extent do you think that Moana Jackson would attribute the over- representation of indigenous people in prison to a “warrior gene”?

  1. 100%
  2. 75%
  3. 25%
  4. 0%

Which of the following theorists argued that those who have a love of knowledge and the knowledge of justice should rule?

  1. Michel Foucault.
  2. Moana Jackson.
  3. Plato.
  4. Marx. 36.

Foucault has been a major contributor to which methodological strategy in the social sciences?

  1. Discourse analysis.
  2. Positivist analysis.
  3. Quantitative methods.
  4. Socratic method.

John Maynard Keynes thought that:

  1. Capitalism is inherently stable and self-correcting.
  2. Government should not interfere with market forces.
  3. Stimulus measures are a really bad idea.
  4. Addressing unemployment should be a major government objective.

Hobbes is often claimed as a liberal thinker because:

  1. He believed strongly in democracy.
  2. He promoted the idea of women’s suffrage.
  3. Of the role of self-interest and individual autonomy in his thought.
  4. Ofthe emphasis he puts on classical republican ideals.

Murray Bookchin’s notion of social ecology is grounded in which of the following philosophical traditions?

  1. Post-modernism.
  2. Post-structuralism.
  3. Classical liberalism.
  4. Anarchism.

The concept of bio-power is best identified with thinker?

  1. James Lovelock.
  2. Germaine Greer.
  3. Betty Friedan.
  4. Michel Foucault. 41.

Betty Friedan could best be described as a:

  1. Liberal feminist.
  2. Third-wave feminist.
  3. Anarcho-feminist.
  4. Indigenist thinker.

Linda Tuhiwai-Smith wrote which book?

  1. The Leviathan.
  2. Decolonising Methodologies.
  3. Once Were Warriors.
  4. Once Were Gardeners.

According to Marx and Engels, which mode of production follows capitalism?

  1. communism
  2. feudalism
  3. imperialism
  4. agrarianism

Julie Bindel is in favour of:

  1. Legalizing prostitution.
  2. Outlawing prostitution.
  3. Kim Kardashian’s feminism.
  4. Liberalizing access to pornography.

Julie Bindel would probably best be described as a:

  1. First-wave feminist.
  2. Second-wave feminist.
  3. Third-wave feminist.
  4. Indigenist thinker. 49.

Which of these was a political system_not found in Ancient Greece?

Representative democracy. Oligarchy.



Marx and Engels thought that the worldwide socialist revolution would start in:



Industrialised societies. Agrarian societies.

Who thought that something like a natural law governed the state of nature?


Thomas Hobbes John Locke Michel Foucault

In the Communist Manifesto, which two classes are the most important in the capitalist system?

  1. The proletariat and the capitalist class.
  2. Urban workers and the aristocracy.
  3. Peasants and landlords.
  4. Lords and ladies.

Which of the following provides the best example of a “meta narrative”? a) The Enlightenment idea of progress. b) Post-modern social thought.

  • Descriptive interference in the social sciences.
  • Indigenism.